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The Great Wall of China


Great Wall has been one of the wonders of the ancient world. It is like a sleeping dragon spanning across almost the whole China. It is an object, which many legends revolve around. Some exclaimed it as "the only man-made object visible to the naked eye in space!" Some calculated the materials used in the wall are sufficient to build a small wall of eight feet tall and three feet thick around the equator.

The Chinese have a saying,

(pinyin: bú dào chángchéng fēi hǎohàn),

roughly meaning "you're not a real man if you haven't climbed the Great Wall".

Why Did Chinese Build Walls?

The threats of nomadic people in the north were constant throughout Chinese history. They were continuously raiding the Chinese northern borders. With every new ruler, came endless debates in the court on how to deal with those "barbarians". Chinese had four options:

1) Initiate offensive campaigns to drive them out of the neighborhood.
2) Create defensive garrisons
3) Make diplomatic and economic ties with them.
4) Build a wall to keep them out.

All the above options were favored at various times. Experience showed offensive campaigns were too costly and risky, defense garrisons respond too slow to counter lightning attacks on a long border. The third option would be a very rational one, it was in fact tried and successful in couple of occasions, but generally the Chinese held themselves in a very high opinion, or the so-called "Middle Kingdom Complex".

They looked down upon the nomads as "people with animal heart" who live on the edge of the world. Any notion of them as an equal state was unthinkable. Thus wall building was the most favored option in many dynasties. There were eight dynasties which built the walls; they are:


The history

The history of the great wall

The Great Wall of China was built mainly to protect the Chinese Empire from northern invaders. The first sections were built in the Seventh Century BC when China was still divided into many small states.

The construction of the Great Wall continued until the beginning of the Qing Dynasty (1644). Now, in the PRC era, several sections of the wall have been restored as tourist attractions and in other places the wall is quite well preserved.

For more details see "Great Wall History"

Chu State
Qi State
Wei State
Yan State
Zhao State
Qin Dynasty
Han Dynasty
Ming Dynasty

The history of the great wall

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When King Zhou Youwang came to power, there was a great earthquake in the capital area, and drought in succession, which made peop...

MS Meng Cried down the Great Wall

In ancient times, Meng and Jiang, two old men were neighbors, only one wall apart. One spring, Meng planted a gourd seed in his courtyard. After careful wateri...

Great Wall Facts

1 the length of Great wall ?
-8,851.8 km (5,500 miles)

2 Who is builder of Greatwall ?
-the ancient Chinese laboring people (common people, farmers, soldiers and slaves)

3 Construction Period of Greatwall
-About 2,000 years from the Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC) to Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

Top Sections

Simatai Great Wall
Simatai Great Wall is located in the north of Simatai Village, Gubeikou Town, no...

Shanhaiguan Great Wall
Shanhaiguan Great Wall is the entry point of the Great Wall. Two Beijing keys ar...

Mutianyu Great Wall
The Mutianyu Great Wall in Beijing is located in Huairou District of Beijing, 73...

Juyongguan Great Wall
Juyongguan Great Wall is a famous ancient fortressalong the Great Wall of Beijin...

Jinshanling Great Wall
Jinshanling Great Wall is located in Luanping County, Chengde City, Hebei Provin...

Great Wall Facts

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