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The Great Wall of China

Introduction

Great Wall has been one of the wonders of the ancient world. It is like a sleeping dragon spanning across almost the whole China. It is an object, which many legends revolve around. Some exclaimed it as “the only man-made object visible to the naked eye in space!” Some calculated the materials used in the wall are sufficient to build a small wall of eight feet tall and three feet thick around the equator.

The Chinese have a saying,

不到长城非好汉
(pinyin: bú dào chángchéng fēi hǎohàn),

roughly meaning "you're not a real man if you haven't climbed the Great Wall".

Why Did Chinese Build Walls?

The threats of nomadic people in the north were constant throughout Chinese history. They were continuously raiding the Chinese northern borders. With every new ruler, came endless debates in the court on how to deal with those “barbarians”. Chinese had four options:

1) Initiate offensive campaigns to drive them out of the neighborhood.
2) Create defensive garrisons
3) Make diplomatic and economic ties with them.
4) Build a wall to keep them out.

All the above options were favored at various times. Experience showed offensive campaigns were too costly and risky, defense garrisons respond too slow to counter lightning attacks on a long border. The third option would be a very rational one, it was in fact tried and successful in couple of occasions, but generally the Chinese held themselves in a very high opinion, or the so-called “Middle Kingdom Complex”.

They looked down upon the nomads as “people with animal heart” who live on the edge of the world. Any notion of them as an equal state was unthinkable. Thus wall building was the most favored option in many dynasties. There were eight dynasties which built the walls; they are:

Chu,Qi,Wei,Yan,Zhao,Qin,Han,Ming.

The history

The history of the great wall

The Great Wall of China was built mainly to protect the Chinese Empire from northern invaders. The first sections were built in the Seventh Century BC when China was still divided into many small states.

The construction of the Great Wall continued until the beginning of the Qing Dynasty (1644). Now, in the PRC era, several sections of the wall have been restored as tourist attractions and in other places the wall is quite well preserved.

For more details see "Great Wall History"

Chu State
Qi State
Wei State
Yan State
Zhao State
Qin Dynasty
Han Dynasty
Ming Dynasty

The history of the great wall

Great Wall Culture

The majestic Great Wall was built with wisdom, dedication, blood, sweat and tears. Many legends and myths exist regarding the building of this wall. Some of the famous stories are as follows:

The Legend of Meng Jiangnü

In the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C. - 206 B.C.), a young man named Liang Fanqi escaped from the Great Wall construction site and hid in a private garden where he came across the owner’s pretty daughter, Meng Jiangnü.

Teasing the Princes with Beacon Fires

Zhou You Wang is the 8th century BC, the Zhou dynasty's last king. When he came to power stupid is no way, do not administer the country, playing all day in the harem and beauty. Zhou You Wang particular favorite concubine called concubine, anything to meet her, but the concubine is always happy and rarely smile.

Great Wall Facts

1 the length of Great wall ?
-8,851.8 km (5,500 miles)

2 Who is builder of Greatwall ?
-the ancient Chinese laboring people (common people, farmers, soldiers and slaves)

3 Construction Period of Greatwall
-About 2,000 years from the Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC) to Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

Top Sections

The Great Wall at Mutianyu
The longest fully-restored section open to tourists.

The Great Wall at Badaling
The best preserved section of the Great Wall.

The Great Wall at Simatai
Steep with many watchtowers and breathtaking views.

Shanhai Pass
Known as the First Pass Under Heaven since ancient times.

Jiayu Pass
As a gateway of the Silk Road for centuries.

read more

Great Wall Facts

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